8 Most Ancient Dog Breeds on Earth

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Dogs have been our loyal companions for thousands of years, and throughout history, humans have selectively bred these animals for various purposes. While there are countless dog breeds in the world today, some can be traced back to ancient times. These breeds have retained their unique characteristics and traits for centuries. In this blog post, we’ll explore the 8 most ancient dog breeds on Earth, each with a rich history and unique features.

  1. Basenji

The Basenji is often referred to as the “barkless dog” due to its unique larynx. This breed hails from Central Africa and was originally used for hunting. They are known for their cat-like grooming habits, as they clean themselves meticulously.

  1. Saluki

The Saluki, also known as the Persian Greyhound, is one of the oldest known dog breeds. These elegant dogs were revered in ancient Egypt and have been used for hunting and companionship for thousands of years. Salukis are known for their graceful appearance and impressive speed.

  1. Akita Inu

The Akita Inu, a large Japanese breed, has a history that dates back over 3,000 years. Originally bred for hunting bears and boars, these dogs are known for their loyalty and noble appearance. The Akita Inu’s story includes Hachiko, the famous loyal dog known for waiting for his owner at a Tokyo train station.

  1. Chinese Shar-Pei

The Chinese Shar-Pei is easily recognizable by its distinctive wrinkled skin. This breed has been around for over 2,000 years and was initially used for hunting, guarding, and as a multipurpose working dog. They are known for their independent and loyal nature.

  1. Tibetan Mastiff

Originating in the Himalayan region, the Tibetan Mastiff is a powerful and independent breed. These dogs were used to guard livestock and monasteries in Tibet. They are known for their protective instincts and thick, weather-resistant coat.

  1. Samoyed

The Samoyed, originally bred by the Samoyede people of Siberia, has a history dating back 3,000 years. These dogs were used for herding reindeer and pulling sleds. Samoyeds are friendly, gentle, and known for their “smiling” expression.

  1. Pharaoh Hound

The Pharaoh Hound is an ancient breed from Egypt, dating back over 5,000 years. These dogs were highly regarded in ancient Egyptian society and used for hunting. They are known for their graceful appearance and keen hunting instincts.

  1. Irish Wolfhound

The Irish Wolfhound is one of the tallest and most ancient dog breeds. It has been recognized in Ireland for over 1,500 years. These gentle giants were used for hunting wolves, boars, and even as war dogs. Irish Wolfhounds are known for their friendly and sociable nature.


These ancient dog breeds offer a fascinating glimpse into the history of the human-dog relationship. Each breed carries unique characteristics, whether it’s the Basenji’s silence, the Akita Inu’s loyalty, or the Saluki’s elegance. While these breeds have adapted to modern life, their historical significance and enduring qualities make them a testament to the enduring bond between humans and dogs.

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